What Is The Difference Between Gastric Bypass And Sleeve?
Many people who consider bariatric surgery are confused when they hear about gastric bypass and sleeve surgery. They don’t know if it’s one type of surgery with two names or two different types of surgeries that have similar-sounding names. In this article, we will go over the difference between these two types of bariatric surgery, what they do, and why it’s important to know if your surgeon is better skilled with one type over the other.
The Difference Between Bariatric Surgery Procedures
Gastric bypass surgery creates a small stomach pouch out of the upper section of the stomach, leaving only a very narrow opening into the larger lower section that connects to the rest of the digestive tract. By doing this, the size of the stomach is reduced and patients feel fuller quicker and for a longer period of time than they did prior to surgery.
Sleeve surgery creates a much smaller stomach pouch that is located lower in the abdomen than gastric bypass surgery. This type of surgery does not re-route food as it goes through the digestive tract. Instead, it removes much of the stomach and creates a tube that is long and narrow. This smaller stomach size also reduces the amount that patients feel hungry and eat at one time.
Both gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy are highly effective weight loss procedures for people that are overweight or obese. Typically, gastric bypass surgery has a higher success rate than sleeve surgery for most patients because it creates a much smaller stomach pouch which helps to reduce food intake. Gastric bypass is also better at improving satiety and feelings of fullness after eating because there is usually less food left in the digestive tract for the body to absorb before it exits.
However, sleeve surgery has several advantages over gastric bypass because there is no re-routing of food in your digestive tract and so many patients report little or no discomfort when eating certain foods that used to be problematic for them. There are also fewer side effects associated with sleeve surgery than gastric bypass surgery such as vitamin and nutrient deficiencies, gallstones, and hair loss.